[IMG: the NS Medical Crimes]
In the autumn of the year 2007 the Executive Committee of the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) commissioned the Viennese historian Herwig Czech to undertake a study on the Nazi medical crimes in the psychiatric hospital in Gugging. The paper was forwarded to the artists participating in the competition as an initial point for their deliberations.

The central findings of the study are: The hospital in Gugging was one of the centers of Nazi medical crimes. Between November 1940 and May 1941 a total of 675 persons were taken in 12 transports from the clinic to Schloss Hartheim near Linz, where they were gassed. Of these, 116 were children and adolescents between the ages of 4 and 17. Between May 1941 and the end of the war, Gugging was the scene of some of the most barbarous medical crimes committed on the territory of present-day Austria. The main perpetrator Dr. Emil Gelny murdered some 400 people using poison and a specially adapted device for administering electrical shocks. Many other patients died as a result of hunger and infectious disease or were deported to institutions where their chances of survival were minimal.

At the first IST Austria Commemoration Lecture on 25 November 2014 Czech presented additional findings which he included in an expanded version of this paper which is available for download in the left column.